Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura without any evidence of thrombotic lesions at autopsy

Citation
A. Hori et al., Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura without any evidence of thrombotic lesions at autopsy, ANN HEMATOL, 80(8), 2001, pp. 496-498
Citations number
11
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY
ISSN journal
0939-5555 → ACNP
Volume
80
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
496 - 498
Database
ISI
SICI code
0939-5555(200108)80:8<496:TTPWAE>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is usually based upo n the clinical features, and does not always involve histopathological evid ence. We recently had experience with a patient who developed the five sign s characteristic for TTP. He had been treated for liver cirrhosis associate d with chronic hepatitis B infection, and the hepatic function was severely impaired at admission. Blood levels of vWF (von Wiilebrand factor) and fac tor VIII were highly elevated to 506% and 632%, respectively. These finding s suggested severe endothelial damage. Thus, the patient was diagnosed as h aving TTP secondary to severe hepatic damage, and plasma exchanges were ini tiated immediately. He responded poorly to the treatment, and finally died of pulmonary hemorrhage. At autopsy, hepatocellular carcinoma was identifie d in the cirrhotic liver, but it was surprising that thorough postmortem ex amination failed to show any evidence of thrombotic lesions. Our experience suggests that secondary TTP does not always involve pathological evidence of the thrombotic lesions, and that the formation of thrombi causing vessel occlusion might not be essential in the pathogenesis of some secondary TTP .