NF-kappa B-mediated chemoresistance in breast cancer cells

Cb. Weldon et al., NF-kappa B-mediated chemoresistance in breast cancer cells, SURGERY, 130(2), 2001, pp. 143-150
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Surgery,"Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ISSN journal
0039-6060 → ACNP
Year of publication
143 - 150
SICI code
Background. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is a known survival pathway, and it may explain differential sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and chemotherapeutic-induced apoptosis in apoptotically sensit ive (APO+) and apoptotically resistant (APO-) Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 breast cancer cells. Methods. Crystal violet viability and luciferase reporter gene assays were used to determine the inhibitory concentration of viability at 50% (IC50) a nd the inhibitory concentration of activity at 50% (EC50) values in APO- an d APO+ cells with the selective NF-kappaB inhibitor, BAY 11-7082 (BAY). The apoptotic reporter assay was used to determine the effects of the transfec tion of the inhibitory kappa B-dominant negative (I kappaB-DN) construct in conjunction with TNF, paclitaxel, or doxorubicin treatments in these cells . Results. The concentrations at which 50% of cell viability is inhibited (IC 50) and at which 50% of NF-kappaB activity is inhibited (EC50)for BAY in AP O- and APO+ cells were 95.24 mu mol/L and 1.53 mu mol/L, respectively, and 7.62 mu mol/L and 2.64 mu mol/L, respectively. The IC50 and the EC50 values were equivalent for the APO+ cells (P =.665), but not for the APO- cells ( P =.025). I kappaB-DN-transfection alone, or with TNF, doxorubicin, or pacl itaxel treatments resulted in cell death of both APO- and APO+ cells as com pared with vector-control; however, greater cytotoxicity was seen in the AP O+ cells. Direct comparison of the APO+ cells versus the APO- cells reveale d that these differences were significant (P =.05). Conclusions. Pharmacologic or molecular inhibition of the NF-kappaB pathway blocked cell survival in MCF-7 APO+ cells, while only molecular inhibition induced cytotoxicity in the APO- cells. Selective manipulation of the NF-k appaB pathway in combination with standard chemotherapeutic agents may lead to an increased potency and efficacy of these agents.