Posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Citation
Mj. Archibeck et al., Posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, J BONE-AM V, 83A(8), 2001, pp. 1231-1236
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine","da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME
ISSN journal
0021-9355 → ACNP
Volume
83A
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1231 - 1236
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9355(200108)83A:8<1231:PCLTKA>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Background: Although initial reports on posterior cruciate ligament-retaini ng total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis have been encouraging, a high rate of late instability necessitating revision has bee n reported recently. The purpose of the present prospective study was to an alyze the results of posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthr oplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: Seventy-two posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthr oplasties in fifty-one patients with rheumatoid arthritis were studied pros pectively. All procedures were performed with the Miller-Galante I prosthes is. Eighteen patients (twenty-four knees) died before the eight-year follow -up and one patient (two knees) was lost to follow-up, leaving forty-six kn ees (thirty-two patients) for review. These forty-six knees were evaluated clinically (with particular attention to posterior instability) and radiogr aphically at annual intervals for a mean of 10.5 years (range, eight to fou rteen years). Results: Forty-four (95%) of forty-six knees had a good or excellent result at a mean of 10.5 years. However, nine (13%) of the original seventy-two k nees had revision of the implant, with six of the revisions performed becau se of failure of a metal-backed patellar component. The rate of survival at ten years was 93% +/- 4% with femoral or tibial revision for any reason as the end point and 81% +/- 5% with any reoperation as the end point. There was no aseptic loosening in any knee. Posterior instability was identified clinically and/or radiographically in two (2.8%) of the original seventy-tw o knees; both unstable knees were in the same patient. Conclusion: Posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty y ielded satisfactory clinical and radiographic results in patients with rheu matoid arthritis at intermediate-term follow-up (mean, 10.5 years). Therefo re, we believe that it remains an excellent treatment option for these pati ents.