Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 accelerates healing in a rabbit ulnar osteotomy model

Citation
Ml. Bouxsein et al., Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 accelerates healing in a rabbit ulnar osteotomy model, J BONE-AM V, 83A(8), 2001, pp. 1219-1230
Citations number
65
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine","da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME
ISSN journal
0021-9355 → ACNP
Volume
83A
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1219 - 1230
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9355(200108)83A:8<1219:RHBMPA>2.0.ZU;2-2
Abstract
Background: Approximately 5% to 20% of fractures have delayed or impaired h ealing. Therefore, it is desirable to develop new therapies to enhance frac ture-healing that can be used in conjunction with traditional treatment met hods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a single app lication of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 to accelerate fr acture-healing in a rabbit ulnar osteotomy that heals spontaneously. Methods; Bilateral mid-ulnar osteotomies (approximately 0.5 to 1.0 mm wide) were created in seventy-two skeletally mature male rabbits. The limbs were assigned to one of three groups: those treated with an absorbable collagen sponge containing recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, those tr eated with an absorbable collagen sponge containing buffer, and those left untreated. In the first two groups, an 8 X 20-mm strip of absorbable collag en sponge containing either 40 mug of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 or buffer only was wrapped around the osteotomy site. The rabbits were killed at two, three, four, or six weeks after surgery. In addition, twenty-four age-matched rabbits were used to provide data on the properties of intact limbs. The retention of recombinant human bone morphogenetic pro tein-2 at the osteotomy site was determined with scintigraphic imaging of I -121-labeled recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. After the rabb its were killed, the limbs were scanned with peripheral quantitative comput ed tomography to assess the area and mineral content of the mineralized cal lus. The limbs were then tested to failure in torsion, and undecalcified sp ecimens were evaluated histologically. Results: Gamma scintigraphy of I-125-recombinant human bone morphogenetic p rotein-2 showed that 73% +/- 6% (mean and standard deviation) of the admini stered dose was initially retained at the fracture site. Approximately 37% +/- 10% of the initial dose remained at the site one week after surgery, an d 8% +/- 7% remained after two weeks. The mineralized callus area was simil ar in all groups at two weeks, but it was 20% to 60% greater in the ulnae t reated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 than in either t he ulnae treated with buffer or the untreated ulnae at three, four, and six weeks (p < 0.05). Biomechanical properties were similar in all groups at t wo weeks, but they were at least 80% greater in the ulnae treated with reco mbinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 at three and four weeks than in either the ulnae treated with buffer (p < 0.005) or the untreated ulnae (p < 0.01). By four weeks, the biomechanical properties of the ulnae treated w ith recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 were equivalent to those of the intact ulnae, whereas the biomechanical properties of both the ulna e treated with buffer and the untreated ulnae had reached only approximatel y 45% of those of the intact ulnae. At six weeks, the biomechanical propert ies were similar In all groups and were equivalent to those of the intact u lnae. The callus geometry and biomechanical properties of the ulnae treated with buffer were equivalent to those of the untreated ulnae at all time-po ints. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: These findings indicate that treatment with an absorbable collagen sponge containing recombinant human bone morpho genetic protein-2 enhances healing of a long-bone osteotomy that heals spon taneously. Specifically, osteotomies treated with recombinant human bone mo rphogenetic protein-2 healed 33% faster than osteotomies left untreated. Th e results of this study provide a rationale for testing the ability of reco mbinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 to accelerate healing in patient s with fractures requiring open surgical management.