P450 interaction with farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitors - Metabolic stability, inhibitory potency, and P450 binding spectra in human liver microsomes

Citation
M. Chiba et al., P450 interaction with farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitors - Metabolic stability, inhibitory potency, and P450 binding spectra in human liver microsomes, BIOCH PHARM, 62(6), 2001, pp. 773-776
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN journal
0006-2952 → ACNP
Volume
62
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
773 - 776
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-2952(20010915)62:6<773:PIWFTI>2.0.ZU;2-4
Abstract
Methyl substitution at the 2-position of the imidazole ring greatly improve d drug metabolism profiles, in human liver microsomes, of ras famesyl-prote in transferase inhibitor (FTI) candidates for drug development. Methyl subs titution markedly reduced the P450 inhibitory potency of non-substituted FT Is for CYP3A4 (by a factor of 12-403) and 2C9 (by a factor of 4.2-28), whil e it had little effect on the CYP2D6 enzyme. An immunochemical inhibition s tudy demonstrated that CYP3A4 plays a predominant role in the metabolism of both nonsubstituted and 2-methyl-substituted imidazole-containing FTI cand idates. Very strong type H binding spectra with human liver microsomes were observed for all non-substituted FTIs, while methyl substitution markedly weakened type II spectra or shifted the type of spectra from II to I. This indicated that methyl substitution on the imidazole moiety interfered with the substrate-P450 heme interaction, likely due to a steric effect caused b y the methyl group. A kinetics study revealed that the methyl substitution increased V-max and K-m values to the same extent. These studies suggested that the 2-methyl substitution on the imidazole ring improved its drug meta bolism profile by reducing the potential to inhibit CYP3A4-mediated metabol ism without affecting intrinsic metabolic clearance (V-max/K-m). (C) 2001 E lsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.