Diet high in monounsaturated fat does not have a different effect on arterial elasticity than a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet

Citation
El. Ashton et al., Diet high in monounsaturated fat does not have a different effect on arterial elasticity than a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, J AM DIET A, 100(5), 2000, pp. 537-542
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Food Science/Nutrition","Endocrynology, Metabolism & Nutrition
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION
ISSN journal
0002-8223 → ACNP
Volume
100
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
537 - 542
Database
ISI
SICI code
0002-8223(200005)100:5<537:DHIMFD>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
Objective To compare the effects of a modified-fat diet high in monounsatur ated fat, and a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet on arterial elasticity. Design Randomized crossover design; each diet period was 1 month and a 2-we ek wash out period occurred in between. Subjects/setting Thirty healthy, free-living, nonsmoking men and women were recruited from the Melbourne, Australia, metropolitan region of Australia. Men were aged 35 to 55 years and postmenopausal women were aged 50 to 60 y ears and were not taking hormone replacement therapy. Twenty-eight subjects completed the study. Intervention Two diets of equal energy value: a modified-fat diet and a low -fat/high-carbohydrate diet; the modified-fat diet had 3 times more energy from monounsaturated fat. Main outcome measures Arterial elasticity and serum lipoprotein concentrati ons. Statistical analysis The general linear model was used to investigate overa ll effect and any carryover or order effects. Paired t test and the general linear model were used to compare the results from the 2 diet periods. Results High-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration was significantl y higher on the modified-fat diet than on the low-fat/low-carbohydrate diet . Arterial elasticity and concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were not significantly different on the 2 diets. Applications/conclusions There is no evidence to favor a diet high in monou nsaturated fat over a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet because of an effect o n arterial elasticity. Other changes in diet may be needed to cause a benef icial effect on arterial elasticity.