Communication ecology of webbing clothes moth: 1. Semiochemical-mediated location and suitability of larval habitat

Citation
S. Takacs et al., Communication ecology of webbing clothes moth: 1. Semiochemical-mediated location and suitability of larval habitat, J CHEM ECOL, 27(8), 2001, pp. 1535-1546
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0098-0331 → ACNP
Volume
27
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1535 - 1546
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-0331(200108)27:8<1535:CEOWCM>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
We tested two hypotheses: 1) that there is semiochemical-mediated attractio n of male and female webbing clothes moth (WCM), Tineola bisselliella (Hum. ) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) to suitable larval habitat, and 2) that selection of optimal larval habitat has fitness consequences. In binary or ternary c hoice arena bioassay experiments that prevented WCM from contacting test st imuli, males and females were attracted to dried but untanned animal pelts (red squirrel, muskrat, beaver, coyote, red fox and bobcat) and preserved h orseshoe crab but not to unprocessed sheep's wool, demonstrating semiochemi cal-based recognition of, and discrimination between, potential larval habi tats. Selection of habitat has fitness consequences for ovipositing females , because significantly more male and female WCM completed development when the larval diet consisted of intact animal pelt (hide plus hair) rather th an hide or hair alone. Equal attraction of male WCM to muskrat pelt volatil es in Porapak Q or solvent extracts of muskrat pelts indicated that volatil e semiochemicals could be obtained by both methods.