Composite arterial grafting with double skeletonized internal thoracic arteries

Citation
D. Pevni et al., Composite arterial grafting with double skeletonized internal thoracic arteries, EUR J CAR-T, 20(2), 2001, pp. 299-304
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems
Journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY
ISSN journal
1010-7940 → ACNP
Volume
20
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
299 - 304
Database
ISI
SICI code
1010-7940(200108)20:2<299:CAGWDS>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Objectives: Composite arterial grafting is a surgical technique for arteria l myocardial revascularization, in which free arterial conduits are proxima lly anastomosed end-to-side to an intact internal thoracic artery (ITA). Th is report describes technical aspects and results of composite grafting usi ng bilateral skeletonized ITAs. Methods: From April 1996 to February 1999, 1057 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using bilate ral skeletonized internal thoracic arteries. In 600 of them (57%), composit e arterial grafting was performed. There were 452 men and 148 women. The me an age was 69 +/- 7 years. Two-hundred and six patients (34%) were diabetic s, 84 (14%) had severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction of < 35%), and 26 (4.3%) underwent emergency operations. In 574 patients, the r ight ITA was used as a free graft connected to the in-situ left ITA. In 26, the free left ITA was attached to the in-situ right ITA, and in 38, mini-c omposite grafts (free distal left ITA on the left ITA, or free distal right ITA on the right ITA) were constructed. The average number of grafts was 3 .0/patient (range, 2-6). Results: The operative mortality was 2.8% (n = 17) , and there were ten (1.7%), deep sternal wound infections. The mean follow -up was 25 months (range, 14-36 months). The 3-year survival was 92.5%. Nin ety-seven percent of the surviving patients were angina-free. Conclusions: We currently perform this surgery routinely in most patients referred for C ABG, and regard bilateral skeletonized internal thoracic arteries as the mo st appropriate arterial conduits for the composite technique. (C) 2001 Else vier Science B.V. All rights reserved.