More than 500 journals Have adopted the uniform requirements of the Interna
tional Committee of Medical Journal Editors, which stipulate that authors s
hould "indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the
ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation:"
One major purpose of institutional review is to ensure that informed consen
t is obtained when possible. We investigated how often research publication
s about child health report ethics committee approval or unformed consent.