Timing of arc construction and metamorphism in the Slate Creek Complex, northern Sierra Nevada, California

Citation
Tj. Fagan et al., Timing of arc construction and metamorphism in the Slate Creek Complex, northern Sierra Nevada, California, GEOL S AM B, 113(8), 2001, pp. 1105-1118
Citations number
67
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN
ISSN journal
0016-7606 → ACNP
Volume
113
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1105 - 1118
Database
ISI
SICI code
0016-7606(200108)113:8<1105:TOACAM>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
Late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic rocks in the Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mou ntains, western United States, preserve a record of lateral growth of conti nental crust by incorporation of ophiolites, volcanic arcs, and associated sedimentary rocks. Deciphering the timing of arc construction and metamorph ism is critical for elucidating tectonic and thermal evolution during this type of crustal growth, but is difficult in complex accretionary terranes. In this study, we address the timing of arc construction and regional metam orphism in the Slate Creek Complex, a volcano-plutonic terrane in the centr al part of the northern Sierra Nevada. New Ar-40-Ar-39 ages from relict volcanic hornblende demonstrate that the y oungest volcanic unit in the Slate Creek Complex is ca. 170 Ma, at least 30 m.y, younger than previous estimates of ca. 200 Ma for metaplutonic rocks in the lower part of the complex. Consequently, the Slate Creek Complex is polygenetic, with two distinct episodes of arc magmatism. The distribution of mineral assemblages and textures indicates that greenschist and epidote- amphibolite facies metamorphism is younger than 170 Ma and is associated wi th crosscutting plutons that yield cooling ages of 150 Ma and younger. Amph iboles from foliated rocks in the Slate Creek Complex yield plateau ages of 156.1 +/- 0.6 and 152.0 +/- 0.7 Ma that date cooling subsequent to or dyna mic recrystallization during the metamorphic event. Age and lithologic similarities suggest that the lower parts of the Slate C reek Complex correlate with plutons (ca. 200 Ma) and the volcanic cover seq uence of the Rattlesnake Creek terrane in the Klamath Mountains. The upperm ost volcanic unit correlates with the ca. 170 Ma Western Hayfork terrane th at structurally overlies the Rattlesnake Creek terrane. Metamorphism in the Slate Creek Complex correlates broadly with a similar late metamorphic eve nt in the Klamath Mountains.