Development of the Indus Fan and its significance for the erosional history of the Western Himalaya and Karakoram

Citation
Pd. Clift et al., Development of the Indus Fan and its significance for the erosional history of the Western Himalaya and Karakoram, GEOL S AM B, 113(8), 2001, pp. 1039-1051
Citations number
89
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN
ISSN journal
0016-7606 → ACNP
Volume
113
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1039 - 1051
Database
ISI
SICI code
0016-7606(200108)113:8<1039:DOTIFA>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Correlation of new multichannel seismic profiles across the upper Indus Fan and Murray Ridge with a dated industrial well on the Pakistan shelf demons trates that similar to 40% of the Indus Fan predates the middle Miocene, an d similar to 35% predates uplift of the Murray Ridge (early Miocene, simila r to 22 Ma). The Arabian Sea, in addition to the Makran accretionary comple x, was therefore an important repository of sediment from the Indus River s ystem during the Paleogene. Channel and levee complexes are most pronounced after the early Miocene, coincident with an increase in sedimentation rate s. Middle Eocene sandstones from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 224 an the Owen Ridge yield K-feldspars whose Pb isotopic composition, measured by in situ ion microprobe methods, indicates an origin in, or north of, the Indus suture zone. This observation requires that India-Asia collision had occur red by this time and that an Indus River system, feeding material from the suture zone into the basin, was active soon after collision. Pleistocene pr ovenance was similar to that during the Eocene, albeit with greater contrib ution from the Karakoram. A mass balance of the erosional record on land wi th deposition in the fan and associated basins suggests that only similar t o 40% of the Neogene sediment in the fan is derived from the Indian plate.