Litter fall, biomass and net primary production in flood plain forests in the Peruvian Amazon

Citation
G. Nebel et al., Litter fall, biomass and net primary production in flood plain forests in the Peruvian Amazon, FOREST ECOL, 150(1-2), 2001, pp. 93-102
Citations number
41
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences
Journal title
FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT
ISSN journal
0378-1127 → ACNP
Volume
150
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
93 - 102
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-1127(20010901)150:1-2<93:LFBANP>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
During a 4-year period the biomass density and increment were studied in 1 ha permanent sample plots located in three flood plain forests and fine lit ter fall was collected weekly during 1 yew. The low restinga, high restinga and tahuampa forests were situated on nutrient rich alluvial soils, and th ey were on the average inundated for 1, 2 and 4 months per year, respective ly. The fine litter fall was around 700 g/m(2) per year in all three forest s with a peak which was probably caused by the flooding. Leaves falling at the end of and just after the inundation had the lowest specific leaf areas (approximately 60 cm(2)/g versus 110 cm(2)/g). The average annual specific leaf area increased with decreasing average flooding period of the forests . Assuming a 12-month leaf duration the leaf area index was estimated to be 4.2-4.4. For trees larger than 10 cm diameter at breast height the standin g wood volume was 662-750 m(3)/ha with an increment of 23-28 m(3)/ha per ye ar. The average aboveground living biomass of the three forests was 34,493- 48,691 g/m(2), and a NPP of 2082-2558 g/m(2) per year was registered, exclu ding losses to herbivory. A high level of wood biomass production was regis tered in comparison to other tropical rain forests (1709 g/m(2) per year ve rsus 734 g/m(2) per year), which was noteworthy in consideration of the fac t that growth processes of trees were inhibited several months each year du ring the flooding, and that this event coincided with the months of highest precipitation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.