Male facial attractiveness - Evidence for hormone-mediated adaptive design

Citation
Vs. Johnston et al., Male facial attractiveness - Evidence for hormone-mediated adaptive design, EVOL HUM BE, 22(4), 2001, pp. 251-267
Citations number
60
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biology,Psycology
Journal title
EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
ISSN journal
1090-5138 → ACNP
Volume
22
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
251 - 267
Database
ISI
SICI code
1090-5138(200107)22:4<251:MFA-EF>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
Experimenters examining male facial attractiveness have concluded that the attractive male face is (1) an average male face, (2) a masculinized male f ace, or (3) a feminized male face. Others have proposed that symmetry, horm one markers, and the menstrual phase of the observer are important variable s that influence male attractiveness. This study was designed to resolve th ese issues by examining the facial preferences of 42 female volunteers at t wo different phases of their menstrual cycle. Preferences were measured usi ng a 40-s QuickTime movie (1200 frames) that was designed to systematically modify a facial image from an extreme male to an extreme female configurat ion. The results indicate that females exhibit (1) a preference for a male face on the masculine side of average, (2) a shift toward a more masculine male face preference during the high-risk phase of their menstrual cycle, a nd (3) no shift in other facial preferences. An examination of individual d ifferences revealed that women who scored low on a "masculinity" test (1) s howed a larger menstrual shift, (2) had lower self-esteem, and (3) differed in their choice of male faces for dominance and short-term mates. The resu lts are interpreted as support for a hormonal theory of facial attractivene ss whereby perceived beauty depends on an interaction between displayed hor mone markers and the hormonal state of the viewer. (C) 2001 Elsevier Scienc e Inc. All rights reserved.