Four- and five-year-old children's categorization: sensitivity to constraints on word meaning and influence of stimulus presentation in a forced-choice paradigm

Authors
Citation
E. Rey et C. Berger, Four- and five-year-old children's categorization: sensitivity to constraints on word meaning and influence of stimulus presentation in a forced-choice paradigm, CAH PSYCHOL, 20(1-2), 2001, pp. 63-85
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
CAHIERS DE PSYCHOLOGIE COGNITIVE-CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY OF COGNITION
ISSN journal
0249-9185 → ACNP
Volume
20
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
63 - 85
Database
ISI
SICI code
0249-9185(200104)20:1-2<63:FAFCCS>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
This research examined the effect of labeling as a function of task constra ints in 4- and 5-year-old children's categorization. The type of response e licited was studied in a forced-choice categorization task opposing themati c, taxonomic and shape-based relations. Whether the observed responses coul d be related to constraints of processing was explored in two experiments. The duration of presentation was varied in Experiment 1, when target and co mparison objects were presented at the same time (simultaneous presentation ). Influence of simultaneous versus sequential presentation of the stimuli was explored in Experiment 2. Results evidenced no effect of labeling neith er Experiment 1 (in both long and short presentation durations), nor in Exp eriment 2 when the stimuli were presented simultaneously. By contrast, the use of a label influenced the type of response elicited (differently in 4- and 5-year-old children) under the sequential presentation of the stimuli u sed in Experiment 2. These results were discussed with reference to the lin kage between names and categories, as a function of stimulus processing.