Large-scale, multicenter study of cerebrospinal fluid tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 for the antemortem diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease

Citation
N. Itoh et al., Large-scale, multicenter study of cerebrospinal fluid tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 for the antemortem diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, ANN NEUROL, 50(2), 2001, pp. 150-156
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurology,"Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ANNALS OF NEUROLOGY
ISSN journal
0364-5134 → ACNP
Volume
50
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
150 - 156
Database
ISI
SICI code
0364-5134(200108)50:2<150:LMSOCF>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
We surveyed a total of 570 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 236), non-AD-demented and nondemented diseases (n = 239), and normal controls (n. = 95) to quanti tate levels of tau protein phosphorylated at serine 199 (CSF/phospho-tau(19 9)) by a recently established sandwich ELISA. The CSF/phospho-tau(199) leve ls in the AD group were significantly elevated compared to those in all the other non-AD groups. Receiver operating characteristics curves showed that the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for the AD group vs all the oth er non-AD groups using the CSF/phospho-tau(199) were 85.2% and 85.0%, respe ctively. Furthermore, there was a significant positive correlation between CSF/phospho-tau(199) and CSF/total-tau levels in the AD group. Elevated CSF /phospho-tau(199) in the AD group was noted irrespective of age, gender, de mentia severity, and number of apolipoprotein E4 alleles. Thus, we suggest that CSF/phospho-tan(199) may be a novel and logical biomarker in supportin g antemortem diagnosis of AD.