An improved fluorescein diacetate seed viability test for jack pine, blackspruce and white spruce

Citation
Tl. Noland et al., An improved fluorescein diacetate seed viability test for jack pine, blackspruce and white spruce, SEED SCI T, 29(2), 2001, pp. 509-516
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences
Journal title
SEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISSN journal
0251-0952 → ACNP
Volume
29
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
509 - 516
Database
ISI
SICI code
0251-0952(2001)29:2<509:AIFDSV>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
An improved fluorescein diacetate (FDA) biochemical viability test was deve loped for jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.), black spruce (Picea mariana (M ill.) B.S.P.) and white spruce (P. glauca (Moench) Voss) seed. The changes to improve the FDA test were slicing the seedcoats prior to soaking in the stain, increasing the FDA stain concentration from 0.2% to 2.0% and adding a 45 minute incubation period (after the FDA stain soak) to the procedure. The improved FDA test estimated the seed lot viability (measured as percent age germination) to within +/- 5 for most seed lots and to within +/- 10 fo r the remaining seed lots of the three species. Visual numerical ratings us ed to estimate embryo viability for the FDA test were highly correlated (r( 2)=0.98) with the amount of extractable fluorescein found in jack pine embr yos. The amount of extractable fluorescein in whole black spruce seeds incu bated with FDA solution was also highly correlated (r(2)=0.98) with the pro portion of live seeds. These results suggest that the FDA test is an altern ate viability test for jack pine, black spruce and white spruce seed.