Helicobacter pylori eradication versus one-year maintenance therapy: effect on relapse and gastritis outcome

Citation
J. Mones et al., Helicobacter pylori eradication versus one-year maintenance therapy: effect on relapse and gastritis outcome, REV ESP E D, 93(6), 2001, pp. 381-389
Citations number
58
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenerology and Hepatology
Journal title
REVISTA ESPANOLA DE ENFERMEDADES DIGESTIVAS
ISSN journal
1130-0108 → ACNP
Volume
93
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
381 - 389
Database
ISI
SICI code
1130-0108(200106)93:6<381:HPEVOM>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
Objective: the aim of this study was to determine ulcer healing and H. pylo ri eradication rates obtained with triple therapy (omeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin). Ulcer relapsing rate one year after eradication was al so assessed. Maintenance therapy with placebo was compared with ranitidine therapy and the effect of eradication on histological variables of the gast ric mucosa was studied. Methods: a prospective, double-blind parallel study was performed in 85 pat ients endoscopically diagnosed of duodenal ulcer H. pylori positive. Patien ts were randomized to a 7-days triple therapy (group A) or omeprazole plus antibiotic placebo (group B). All patients were treated only with omeprazol e for the next three weeks. Patients with ulcer healing after treatment wer e entered in a one-year follow up phase with ranitidine placebo (group A) o r ranitidine (group B). Endoscopy and biopsies were performed at baseline, after treatment (5 weeks) and after 12 months of follow-up or when relapsin g symptoms appeared. Results: healing rate was 90.2% in group A and 85.7% in group B. Eradicatio n rate was 78% in group A and 0% in group B, Out of 37 healed patients in g roup A, eradication was achieved in 29 and only one relapse was found (3.4% ). Three out of eight patients with healing but without eradication relapse d at 12 months (35%) (p<0.05). Histopathological results showed statistical ly significant differences (p<0.05) between eradicated and non eradicated p atients in terms of severity of inflammation and intestinal metaplasia, but not in terms of atrophy. Conclusions: H. pylori eradication is useful to prevent ulcer relapse and t o improve gastric mucosa status.