Identification of a cis-regulatory element for L1 layer-specific gene expression, which is targeted by an L1-specific homeodomain protein

Citation
M. Abe et al., Identification of a cis-regulatory element for L1 layer-specific gene expression, which is targeted by an L1-specific homeodomain protein, PLANT J, 26(5), 2001, pp. 487-494
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
PLANT JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0960-7412 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
487 - 494
Database
ISI
SICI code
0960-7412(200106)26:5<487:IOACEF>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
The Arabidopsis thaliana PROTODERMAL FACTOR1 (PDF1) gene encoding a putativ e extracellular proline-rich protein is exclusively expressed in the L1 lay er of shoot apices and the protoderm of organ primordia. In order to identi fy essential cis-regulatory sequences required for the L1 layer-specific ex pression, a series of 5' deletions of the PDF1 promoter were fused to the b eta -glucronidase (GUS) gene and introduced into Arabidopsis plants. Our an alysis revealed that the minimum region necessary to confer L1-specific exp ression of PDF1 is confined within a 260-bp fragment upstream of the transc ription start site. We identified an 8-bp motif in this region that is cons erved between promoter regions of all the L1-specific genes so far cloned, and we designated it the L1 box. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demo nstrated that the L1-specific homeodomain protein ATML1 can bind to the L1 box sequence in vitro. The GUS expression in transgenic plants disappeared when a mutation that abolishes binding of ATML1 was introduced into the PDF 1 /1 box sequence of the construct. These results suggest that the L1 box p lays a crucial role in the regulation of PDF1 expression in L1 cells and th at ATML1 could cooperate to drive L1-specific expression.