Gene-associated CpG islands in plants as revealed by analyses of genomic sequences

Authors
Citation
I. Ashikawa, Gene-associated CpG islands in plants as revealed by analyses of genomic sequences, PLANT J, 26(6), 2001, pp. 617-625
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
PLANT JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0960-7412 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
617 - 625
Database
ISI
SICI code
0960-7412(200106)26:6<617:GCIIPA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
We screened plant genome sequences, primarily from rice and Arabidopsis tha liana, for CpG islands, and identified DNA segments rich in CpG dinucleotid es within these sequences. These CpG-rich clusters appeared in the analysed sequences as discrete peaks and occurred at the frequencies of one per 4.7 kb in rice and one per 4.0 kb in A. thaliana. In rice and A. thaliana, mos t of the CpG-rich clusters were associated with genes, which suggests that these clusters are useful landmarks in genome sequences for identifying gen es in plants with small genomes. In contrast, in plants with larger genomes , only a few of the clusters were associated with genes. These plant CpG-ri ch clusters satisfied the criteria used for identifying human CpG islands, which suggests that these CpG clusters may be regarded as plant CpG islands . The position of each island relative to the 5'-end of its associated gene varied considerably. Genes in the analysed sequences were grouped into fiv e classes according to the position of the CpG islands within their associa ted genes. A large proportion of the genes belonged to one of two classes, in which a CpG island occurred near the 5'-end of the gene or covered the w hole gene region. The position of a plant CpG island within its associated gene appeared to be related to the extent of tissue-specific expression of the gene; the CpG islands of most of the widely expressed rice genes occurr ed near the 5'-end of the genes.