Measurement of circulating biliary glycoprotein (CD66a) in liver diseases

Citation
Y. Kondo et al., Measurement of circulating biliary glycoprotein (CD66a) in liver diseases, J GASTRO, 36(7), 2001, pp. 470-475
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenerology and Hepatology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY
ISSN journal
0944-1174 → ACNP
Volume
36
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Pages
470 - 475
Database
ISI
SICI code
0944-1174(200107)36:7<470:MOCBG(>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Purpose. Biliary glycoprotein (BGP), a member of the carcinoembryonic antig en (CEA) gene family, is produced by hepatocytes, and is suggested to funct ion as a cell adhesion molecule, mouse hepatitis virus receptor, and tumor suppressor. Our aim was to establish an enzyme immunoassay for circulating BGP and to study its significance in liver diseases. Methods. For enzyme im munoassay, a monoclonal antibody (mAb), TS135, which recognizes BGP was use d as a catcher, and biotin-labeled polyclonal anti-CEA antibodies were used as a tracer. Seventy-six serum specimens obtained from patients with vario us liver diseases were submitted to the assay. Results. The incidence of po sitivity for antigen TS135 in the serum samples of the 76 patients was 57.9 %. The most significant correlation among conventional liver function tests was found between antigen TS135 and gamma -glutamyl transpeptidase (I-GTP) . However; among the 56 patients whose serum antigen TS135 and gamma -GTP l evels could be measured simultaneously, 5 were antigen TS135-positive and g amma -GTP-negative (8.9%) and 6 were antigen TS135-negative and gamma -GTP- positive (10.7%). The increased serum level of antigen TS135 in 6 cholangio cellular carcinoma (CCC) patients led us to the immunohistochemical study o f CCC; in which 8 of the 8 tissue specimens tested were positive for mAb TS 135, indicating the production of the antigen from CCCs. Conclusions. This preliminary study suggests that the circulating antigen TS135 level correla tes with gamma -GTP in liver diseases, but that TS135 may also have a uniqu e significance, different from that of gamma -GTP, as a liver function test .