Sulfated polysaccharides, but not cellulose, increase colonic mucus in rats with loperamide-induced constipation

Citation
A. Shimotoyodome et al., Sulfated polysaccharides, but not cellulose, increase colonic mucus in rats with loperamide-induced constipation, DIG DIS SCI, 46(7), 2001, pp. 1482-1489
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenerology and Hepatology","da verificare
Journal title
DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES
ISSN journal
0163-2116 → ACNP
Volume
46
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1482 - 1489
Database
ISI
SICI code
0163-2116(200107)46:7<1482:SPBNCI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
Colonic mucus is decreased in a rat model of spastic constipation, and some types of water-insoluble dietary fiber increase colonic mucus when consume d by rats for several weeks. However, little is known about the effect of w ater-soluble dietary fiber on the colonic mucus. The aim of the present stu dy was to investigate the effect of various types of water-soluble dietary fiber on colonic mucus in a rat model of spastic constipation. Oral adminis tration of 1:5 mg/day of carrageenan and chondroitin sulfate increased the fecal excretion, epithelial mucin production, thickness of the mucous layer , and amount of luminal mucus in loperamide-administered rats. Sodium algin ate, 5 mg/day, thickened the mucus layer at the fecal surface. Cellulose, 5 mg/day, increased the fecal excretion but not the colonic mucus. Carrageen an, chondroitin sulfate, and sodium alginate, but not cellulose, increased colonic mucus in the rat model of spastic constipation.