Characterization of the phosphatidylserine-exposing subpopulation of sickle cells

Citation
K. De Jong et al., Characterization of the phosphatidylserine-exposing subpopulation of sickle cells, BLOOD, 98(3), 2001, pp. 860-867
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
BLOOD
ISSN journal
0006-4971 → ACNP
Volume
98
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
860 - 867
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-4971(20010801)98:3<860:COTPSO>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Phosphatidylserine (PS), exclusively present in the inner monolayer of the normal red blood cell (RBC) membrane, is exposed in subpopulations of sickl e cells. PS-exposing RBCs were found predominantly among the densest and th e very light sickle cells. Within the light RBC fraction, PS exposure was f ound on reticulocytes, transferrin receptor-expressing reticulocytes, and m ature RBCs. The last subset contained low-density valinomycin-resistant RBC s, previously shown to have high Na+ and low K+ content. This subpopulation contained the highest percentage of PS-exposing cells. The PS-exposing sic kle cells did not show the sustained high cytosolic Ca++ levels that have b een shown to activate scramblase, activity. Data from this study indicate t hat PS exposure can occur at different stages in the life of the sickle RBC and that It correlates with the loss of aminophospholipid translocase acti vity, the only common denominator of the PS-exposing cells. The additional requirement of scramblase activation may occur during transient increases I n cytosollc Ca++. (C) 2001 by The American Society of Hematology.