Nine-year results of Muller cemented titanium Straight Stems in total hip replacement

Citation
Yp. Acklin et al., Nine-year results of Muller cemented titanium Straight Stems in total hip replacement, ARCH ORTHOP, 121(7), 2001, pp. 391-398
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY
ISSN journal
0936-8051 → ACNP
Volume
121
Issue
7
Year of publication
2001
Pages
391 - 398
Database
ISI
SICI code
0936-8051(200107)121:7<391:NROMCT>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
At the Orthopaedic Department of the University of Basel, a total of 540 ce mented Muller titanium alloy (Ti6Al7Nb) Straight Stems were inserted betwee n 1989 and 1993. A cohort of 120 consecutive patients (66 women, 54 men) wi th 126 prostheses operated on between March and December 1989 were followed clinically and radiologically in a prospective manner for a mean observati on time of 9.1 years. In all cases, the Muller titanium alloy Straight Stem was combined with the senior author's (E.W.M.) Press-Fit Cup. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 66 (range 43-93) years. Fourty patients (41 hips) died, 9 were interviewed by telephone, none was 'lost to follow-up'. Seventy-one patients with 76 hip replacements were available for the follo w-up. Four hips had been revised: two of them due to aseptic loosening of t he femoral component, one because of a late infection - all after 9 years - and one owing to a periprosthetic fracture after 6 years. The 9-year overa ll survivorship is 96.8%, and for aseptic loosening of the stem 98.4%. None of the cups had to be revised for aseptic loosening. The clinical result ( according to Merle d'Aubigne) was excellent and good in 88%, moderate in 8% , and poor in 4%. The radiological analysis showed no osteolysis or radiolu cent lines in 59 prostheses (78%). Nine stems (12%) showed a radiolucent li ne. Focal osteolysis was detected in 8 cases (10%) in one or more Gruen zon es. The distribution of the osteolyses shows that predominantly zones VII, VI, V, and II are affected in decreasing frequency. No osteolysis was detec ted on the acetabular side. Our results do not confirm the high rate of ost eolysis and revisions with the Muller titanium alloy Straight Stem presente d by some other institutions. The verdict on a specific endoprosthetic impl ant must be made by combined assessment of the design, the implant surface condition, the material, the cement, the cementing procedure and the operat ive technique. The statement made in earlier publications that cemented tit anium alloy should not be used as a femoral stem prosthesis should be recon sidered.