The tumor-necrosis-factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome: New mutations in TNFRSF1A, ancestral origins, genotype-phenotype studies, and evidence for further genetic heterogeneity of periodic fevers

Citation
I. Aksentijevich et al., The tumor-necrosis-factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome: New mutations in TNFRSF1A, ancestral origins, genotype-phenotype studies, and evidence for further genetic heterogeneity of periodic fevers, AM J HU GEN, 69(2), 2001, pp. 301-314
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Research/Laboratory Medicine & Medical Tecnology","Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
ISSN journal
0002-9297 → ACNP
Volume
69
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
301 - 314
Database
ISI
SICI code
0002-9297(200108)69:2<301:TTRPSN>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
Mutations in the extracellular domain of the 55-kD tumor-necrosis factor (T NF) receptor (TNFRSF1A), a key regulator of inflammation, define a periodic -fever syndrome, TRAPS (TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome [MIM 1426 80]), which is characterized by attacks of fever, sterile peritonitis, arth ralgia, myalgia, skin rash, and/or conjunctivitis; some patients also devel op systemic amyloidosis. Elsewhere we have described six disease-associated TNFRSF1A mutations, five of which disrupt extracellular cysteines involved in disulfide bonds; four other mutations have subsequently been reported. Among 150 additional patients with unexplained periodic fevers, we have ide ntified four novel TNFRSF1A mutations (H22Y, C33G, S86P, and c. 193-14 G--> A), one mutation (C30S) described by another group, and two substitutions ( P46L and R92Q) present in similar to1% of control chromosomes. The increase d frequency of P46L and R92Q among patients with periodic fever, as well as functional studies of TNFRSF1A, argue that these are low- penetrance mutat ions rather than benign polymorphisms. The c. 193-14 G-->A mutation creates a splice-acceptor site upstream of exon 3, resulting in a transcript encod ing four additional extracellular amino acids. T50M and c. 193-14 G-->A occ ur at CpG hotspots, and haplotype analysis is consistent with recurrent mut ations at these sites. In contrast, although R92Q also arises at a CpG moti f, we identified a common founder chromosome in unrelated individuals with this substitution. Genotype-phenotype studies identified, as carriers of cy steine mutations, 13 of 14 patients with TRAPS and amyloidosis and indicate d a lower penetrance of TRAPS symptoms in individuals with noncysteine muta tions. In two families with dominantly inherited disease and in 90 sporadic cases that presented with a compatible clinical history, we have not ident ified any TNFRSF1A mutation, despite comprehensive genomic sequencing of al l of the exons, therefore suggesting further genetic heterogeneity of the p eriodic-fever syndromes.