Interleukin-8 increases acetylcholine response of rat intestinal segments

Citation
V. Plattner et al., Interleukin-8 increases acetylcholine response of rat intestinal segments, ALIM PHARM, 15(8), 2001, pp. 1227-1232
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology,"da verificare
Journal title
ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
ISSN journal
0269-2813 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
8
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1227 - 1232
Database
ISI
SICI code
0269-2813(200108)15:8<1227:IIAROR>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Background: Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine highly expr essed in inflammatory bowel diseases, but whose effects on intestinal motil ity are unknown. Aim: To characterize the role of IL-8 in the contraction of rat intestinal segments. Methods: Contractile response to acetylcholine (ACh 10(-6) M) in terminal i leal segments (including mucosa) from Wistar rats was measured before and a fter incubation (15, 30, 60 or 90 min) with IL-8 (1 ng/mL), and after 60 mi n of incubation with different doses of IL-8 (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 10 and 100 ng /mL). The effects of blocking neural transmission with tetrodotoxin (TTX) a nd inhibiting protein synthesis (cycloheximide) were tested. The contractil e response of longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparations (i.e. witho ut mucosa) was measured after 60 min of incubation with 0.1 and 1 ng/mL of IL-8. Results: IL-8 increased ileal contraction induced by ACh 10(-6) M. This aug mentation was significant after 60 min of incubation (58%, P=0.01) and pers isted after 90 min (18%, P=0.04). A 60-min incubation period showed a dose- related effect, beginning at 0.5 ng/mL (30%, P=0.003) and reaching a peak a t 1 ng/mL (58%, P=0.01). The same effect was also observed on colonic segme nts. TTX did not affect the IL-8 increase of ACh-induced contractions, whic h was completely abolished by cycloheximide. IL-8 had no significant effect on longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparations. Conclusion: In vitro, IL-8 increases contractile response of the ileum to A Ch in a dose-dependent manner. This effect is not neurally mediated, but se ems to involve protein synthesis by intestinal mucosa.