EFFECTS OF PHOSPHORUS LEVEL AND MICROBIAL PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE PERFORMANCE AND BONE MINERALIZATION IN PIGS

Citation
E. Helander et K. Partanen, EFFECTS OF PHOSPHORUS LEVEL AND MICROBIAL PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION ON THE PERFORMANCE AND BONE MINERALIZATION IN PIGS, Acta agriculturae Scandinavica. Section A, Animal science, 47(3), 1997, pp. 159-167
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Agriculture Dairy & AnumalScience
ISSN journal
0906-4702
Volume
47
Issue
3
Year of publication
1997
Pages
159 - 167
Database
ISI
SICI code
0906-4702(1997)47:3<159:EOPLAM>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
An experiment was conducted with 192 growing and finishing pigs in ord er to evaluate the phosphorus (P) requirement of the pigs and the effi cacy of Aspergillus niger phytase on a barley based diet, and to study phase feeding of P and phytase. The performance of the pigs and certa in chemical and physical parameters of their tibia and fibula bones we re used as criteria for the effectiveness of the treatments. The varia bles in diet formulation were microbial phytase addition of 500 FTU kg (-1) (-/+) and three P levels-high (HP), medium (MP) and low (7.7, 6.1 and 4.5 g of total P kg(-1) dry matter, respectively). Two additional diets were combinations of the former: MP - LP - and MP + LP -. The m edium P level was sufficient for the pigs from 30 kg up to slaughter a t 100 kg with the growth level of 900 g day and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of 2.60, but the lowest P level led to an impaired average daily gain (ADG) and FCR. Microbial phytase improved the ADG (P < 0.05) and FCR of pigs (P < 0.05) on LP diet. No signs of leg weakness were obse rved in the pigs on any of the diets. The tibia densities decreased wi th decreasing dietary P. The ash content of fibula bones increased and their P content decreased with declining dietary P. Lowering the P co ntent of the diet, using an appropriate phase feeding of P, and adding phytase into the diet could support the normal growth rate of the pig s and reduce the amount of P excretion in faeces.