From relief to mutual obligation: welfare rationalities and unemployment in 20th-century Australia

Authors
Citation
P. Harris, From relief to mutual obligation: welfare rationalities and unemployment in 20th-century Australia, J SOCIOL, 37(1), 2001, pp. 5-26
Citations number
58
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
ISSN journal
1440-7833 → ACNP
Volume
37
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
5 - 26
Database
ISI
SICI code
1440-7833(200105)37:1<5:FRTMOW>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
Unemployment policy is currently informed by notions of labour force flexib ility, workfare and mutual obligation. Things have not always been this way . Over this century there have been profound shifts in the way in which une mployment and government responsibilities have been conceptualized. Using t he notion of 'welfare rationalities' to guide the discussion, this paper re cords the nature of these changes. Particular attention is paid to the ways in which economic objectives intersect with the social and moral-behaviour al components of unemployment programmes. The changing nature of these fact ors is traced through three distinct welfare rationalities surrounding unem ployment: relief, full employment and mutual obligation.