Structural and biological characterisation of a novel tetra-acyl lipid A from Escherichia coli F515 lipopolysaccharide acting as endotoxin antagonistin human monocytes

Citation
U. Zahringer et al., Structural and biological characterisation of a novel tetra-acyl lipid A from Escherichia coli F515 lipopolysaccharide acting as endotoxin antagonistin human monocytes, J ENDOTOX R, 7(2), 2001, pp. 133-146
Citations number
55
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ENDOTOXIN RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0968-0519 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
133 - 146
Database
ISI
SICI code
0968-0519(2001)7:2<133:SABCOA>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
We here report on the structural analysis of a novel tetra-acyl lipid A (LA (tetra)) isolated from Escherichia Loll deep rough (Re)-mutant strain F515. In addition to the biologically active hexa-acyl E, coli-type lipid A (com pound 506). this incompletely acylated lipid A was found to be also present in the native LPS, Its structure was studied without further derivatisatio n by chemical analysis. matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass sp ectrometry. and one- and two-dimensional H-1- acid C-13-NMR spectroscopy. I t was found to be structurally distinct from the tetra-acyl lipid A biosynt hetic precursor Ia (compound 406) in lacking the primary (R)-3-hydroxytetra decanoic acid 14:0(3-OH) in position 3 ' eater-linked to the 'non-reducing' glucosamine (GlcN II), The hydroxyl group at the (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoi c acid attached to position 2 ' of GlcN II was found to be substituted by d odecanoic acid (12:0), thus forming a dodecanoyloxytetradecanoyl residue 14 :0[3-O(12:0)]. The acylation pattern at the 'reducing GlcN I was identical to that of compound 406 in having two primary (R)-3-hydroxy tetradecanoic a cid residues [14:0(3-OH)] attached to positions 3 (ester-linked) and 2 (ami de-linked), respectively, In human mononuclear cells (hMNC) the new LA(tetr a) antagonized LPS-induced release of interleukine-1 (IL-1), interleukine-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in a dose-dependant manner with id entical antagonistic potency as compared with compound 406, Also like compo und 406. it was found to be an agonist in murine macrophage-like J774.1 cel ls.