A high performance liquid chromatographic method is developed for the deter
mination of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC), an endogenous carnitine derivative, i
n human plasma, e-Carnitine, which is the structural analogue of ALC, was u
sed as an internal standard. The human plasma samples were treated with nin
hydrin solution for the removal of amino acids and then extracted with meth
anol. After solid phase extraction on silica columns, samples were derivati
zed with p-bromophenacyl bromide in the presence of 18-crown-6.
The derivative of ALC was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatogra
phy with UV detection at 260 nm. The retention time of ALC and e-carnitine
was about 27.5 and 22.3 min, respectively. The limit of quantitation was 0.
22 nmol/mL, based on signal to noise ratio of 3. The accuracy deviation of
assay was less than 12.86%, and the intra-day and inter-day coefficients of
variation (CV, %) were lower than 5.18 and 5.06%, respectively.