To know the roles of prostaglandin I (IP) and prostaglandin E (EP) receptor
s in pain perception, we compared the acetic acid-induced writhing response
in mice deficient in prostaglandin receptors, i.e. IP, EP1, EP2, EP3, or E
P4, with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pretreatment. Without LPS pret
reatment, IP-receptor deficient mice showed a significantly smaller number
of responses, as previously reported, whereas mice deficient in any of the
EP-receptor subtypes showed a number of writhings similar to those of wild-
type mice. When mice were pretreated with LPS for 24 hr to induce cyclooxyg
enase-2 expression, the wild-type as well as EP1-, EP2-, or EP4-receptor-de
ficient mice showed a similar enhanced writhing response, whereas IP- and E
P3-receptor-deficient mice had a significantly less enhanced number of writ
hings. Three results indicate that IP and EP, are the major prostaglandin r
eceptors mediating the enhanced acetic acid-induced writhing response in mi
ce pre-exposed to LPS, i.e. in endotoxin-enhanced inflammatory nociception.
(C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.