Akt stimulates the transactivation potential of the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kappa B through utilization of the I kappa B kinase and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38

Citation
Lv. Madrid et al., Akt stimulates the transactivation potential of the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kappa B through utilization of the I kappa B kinase and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38, J BIOL CHEM, 276(22), 2001, pp. 18934-18940
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0021-9258 → ACNP
Volume
276
Issue
22
Year of publication
2001
Pages
18934 - 18940
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9258(20010601)276:22<18934:ASTTPO>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
The serine/threonine kinase Akt/PKB is a potent regulator of cell survival and has oncogenic transformation potential. Previously, it has been shown t hat Akt can activate the transcription factor NF-kappaB and that this funct ions to block apoptosis induced by certain stimuli. The mechanism whereby A kt activates NF-kappaB has been controversial, with evidence supporting ind uction of nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB via activation of I kappaB kin ase activity and/or the stimulation of the transcription function of NF-kap paB. Here we demonstrate that Akt targets the transactivation function of N F-kappaB by stimulating the transactivation domain of RelA/p65 in a manner that is dependent on I kappaB kinase beta activity and on the mitogen-activ ated protein kinase p38 (p38), Activation of RelA/ p65 transactivation func tion requires serines 529 and 536, sites shown previously to be inducibly p hosphorylated. Consistent with the requirement of p38 in the activation of NF-kappaB transcriptional function, expression of activated Akt induces p38 activity. Furthermore, the ability of IL-I beta to activate NF-kappaB is k nown to involve Akt, and we show here that IL-1 beta induces p38 activity i n manner dependent on Akt and I kappaB kinase activation. Interestingly, ac tivated Akt and the transcriptional coactivators CBP/p300 synergize in the activation of the RelA/p65 transactivation domain, and this synergy is bloc ked by p38 inhibitors. These studies demonstrate that Akt, functioning thro ugh I kappaB kinase and p38, induces the transcription function of NF-kappa B by stimulating the RelA/p65 transactivation subunit of NF-kappaB.