Imbalance of cusp width and aortic regurgitation associated with aortic cusp prolapse in ventricular septal defect

Citation
H. Tomita et al., Imbalance of cusp width and aortic regurgitation associated with aortic cusp prolapse in ventricular septal defect, JPN CIRC J, 65(6), 2001, pp. 500-504
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL-ENGLISH EDITION
ISSN journal
0047-1828 → ACNP
Volume
65
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
500 - 504
Database
ISI
SICI code
0047-1828(200106)65:6<500:IOCWAA>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
The Doppler echocardiograms of the aortic valve and associated aortic regur gitation (AR) were reviewed in 72 patients with a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Group 1 comprised 13 patients without any deformity of the aortic c usp for greater than or equal to 10 years, group 2 included 35 patients who did not develop AR for greater than or equal to 10 years after right coron ary cusp prolapse (RCCP) was first detected, group 3 comprised II patients with RCCP and AR in whom the AR remained subclinical for greater than or eq ual to 10 years, and group 4 was 13 patients who underwent surgical treatme nt because of moderate to severe AR. The cusp imbalance index [width of rig ht (R) or non- (N) coronary cusp/width of left coronary cusp (L)] was compa red among the 4 groups. R/L or Nn was larger in group 4 than in groups 1-3, R/L exceeded 1.30 in all the patients in group 4, whereas it was less than 1.30 in all the patients in groups 1-3. Two patients in group 4 with non-c oronary cusp prolapse had an Nn greater than 1.50. No other patients in any group had an N/L larger than 1.20. An imbalance of cusp width may predict possible progressive deterioration of AR.