Emplacement age and direction of the Lycian nappes in the Soke-Selcuk region, western Turkey

Citation
T. Gungor et B. Erdogan, Emplacement age and direction of the Lycian nappes in the Soke-Selcuk region, western Turkey, INT J E SCI, 89(4), 2001, pp. 874-882
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN journal
1437-3254 → ACNP
Volume
89
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
874 - 882
Database
ISI
SICI code
1437-3254(200104)89:4<874:EAADOT>2.0.ZU;2-3
Abstract
In the Soke-Selcuk region, western Turkey, the northernmost exposures of th e Lycian nappes are found as tectonic slices on the Menderes Massif. The Me nderes Massif is represented by a continuous platform sequence and a blocky unit. The lower parts of the Menderes platform sequence is composed of Tri assic-Jurassic marbles and an alternation of calcschists and micaschists: h owever, the upper parts are composed of emery- and rudist-bearing massive m arbles. Along a gradational boundary, a blocky unit is found on top of the platform sequence, and it comprises blocks of metaophiolite and emery-beari ng marble set in garnet-micaschists matrix. Along a low-angle fault marked by thin slices of red-green phyllites, tectonic slices of the Lycian nappes overlay garnet-micaschists of the massif. The Lycian nappes are represente d mainly by a carbonate sequence which consists of dolomites, oncoidal lime stones. intraformational limestone conglomerates, and cherty limestones. In the carbonate sequence of the Lycian nappes, undeformed primary structures are clearly observed just several meters above the sole fault, indicating a metamorphic break between the Lycian nappes and the Menderes Massif. The linear fabric in red-green phyllites at the sole of the Lycian nappes trend s NNE-SSW, gently plunges to SSW and NNE, and is parallel to the linear fab ric of the neotectonic period in the western Turkey. S/C relation suggests top-to-the SSW sense of shear in red-green phyllites. The deformation local ized along the sole of the tectonic slices indicates that the red-green phy llites acted as a decollement surface. The deformational features, stratigr aphic relations, orientation of linear fabric and metamorphic break reveal that Lycian nappes were emplaced on the Menderes Massif along a low-angle n ormal fault, after the Early to Middle Eocene Main Menderes metamorphism an d prior to the deposition of the Middle Miocene sedimentary cover.