Decrease of tyrosine hydroxylase-, alpha-synuclein- and parkin-expressing neurons in the substantia nigra of MPTP-treated C57BL/6N mice

Citation
Y. Kitamura et al., Decrease of tyrosine hydroxylase-, alpha-synuclein- and parkin-expressing neurons in the substantia nigra of MPTP-treated C57BL/6N mice, BIOG AMINE, 16(2), 2001, pp. 127-136
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
BIOGENIC AMINES
ISSN journal
0168-8561 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
127 - 136
Database
ISI
SICI code
0168-8561(2001)16:2<127:DOTHAA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
Recently, mutations in the alpha -synuclein (PARK1) and parkin (PARK2) gene s have been identified from patients with the familial Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism, respectively. Systemic administration of 1-methyl-4-pheny l-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is known to damage the nigrostriatal do paminergic system in C57BL/6 mice, in this study, we have investigated chan ges of immunoreactivities for alpha -synuclein, parkin and tyrosine hydroxy lase (TH) in MPTP-treated C57BL/6N mouse brains. Immunoreactivities for alp ha -synuclein, parkin and TH were differentially distributed in the mouse b rain. MPTP treatment caused significant decrease of the number of TH-, alph a -synuclein- and parkin-immunopositive neurons in the substantia nigra, al though these immunoreactivities were not markedly changed in the striatum. These results suggest that alpha -synuclein and parkin may participate in M PTP-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra.