Amorphous transparent conductive oxide InGaO3(ZnO)(m) (m <= 4): a Zn 4s conductor

Citation
M. Orita et al., Amorphous transparent conductive oxide InGaO3(ZnO)(m) (m <= 4): a Zn 4s conductor, PHIL MAG B, 81(5), 2001, pp. 501-515
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE B-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STATISTICAL MECHANICSELECTRONIC OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
ISSN journal
1364-2812 → ACNP
Volume
81
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
501 - 515
Database
ISI
SICI code
1364-2812(200105)81:5<501:ATCOI
Abstract
With the purpose of creating ZnO-based amorphous transparent conductors, a range of amorphous films InGaO3(ZnO)(m) (where m less than or equal to 4) w as prepared using a pulsed-laser deposition method. The resulting films exh ibited an optical bandgap of 2.8-3.0eV, and an n-type electric conductivity of 170-400S cm(-1) at room temperature, displaying a slight dependence on the value of m, in which the carrier density was 10(19)-10(20) cm(-3) the e lectron mobility was 12-20 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) showing no p-n anomaly between H all and Seebeck coefficients. The conductivity; displayed no significant de pendence on the temperature ranging from 10 to 300 K. X-ray diffraction, tr ansmission electron microscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements confirmed that the films were amorphous phases. A combined us e of bremsstrahlung isochromat spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron s pectroscopy revealed that the conduction band tail had a large dispersion a nd that the Fermi level was located at the conduction band edge. The percol ation theory and overlap integral calculations suggest that the extended co nduction band of the amorphous metal oxides are formed when the (n - 1)d(10 ) ns(0) metal ions (n being the principal quantum number) occupy more than 20% of the atoms and the overlap integral between the vacant ns orbitals ex ceeds a threshold value of approximately 0.4. The present system is the fir st amorphous oxide semiconductor in which Zn 4s orbitals form the extended conduction band.