Mastoid condition and clinical course of cholesteatoma

Citation
S. Hasebe et al., Mastoid condition and clinical course of cholesteatoma, ORL-J OTO R, 63(3), 2001, pp. 160-164
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Otolaryngology
Journal title
ORL-JOURNAL FOR OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY AND ITS RELATED SPECIALTIES
ISSN journal
0301-1569 → ACNP
Volume
63
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
160 - 164
Database
ISI
SICI code
0301-1569(200105/06)63:3<160:MCACCO>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
This study was carried out to establish which type of cholesteatoma is cont rollable by conservative treatment from the viewpoint of mastoid ventilatio n. We examined the area of the air cell system and airspace (aeration) in t he mastoid cavity by computed tomography and eustachian tube (ET) function by inflation-deflation test in 20 ears (20 patients) with severe attic retr action for over 12 months (retraction pocket group), 16 ears (16 patients) with cholesteatoma which could be controlled only by conservative treatment for over 12 months (nonsurgical group) and 43 ears (43 patients) which req uired surgery within a year in spite of similar conservative treatment (sur gical group). The size of the mastoid air cell system in the retraction poc ket group, nonsurgical group and surgical group was 2.9 +/- 1.3, 1.9 +/- 0. 7 and 1.5 +/- 0.9 cm(2) on average, respectively, with no significant diffe rence between both cholesteatoma groups (nonsurgical and surgical group). W hile aeration was observed in the mastoid in 17 of 20 ears (85.%) in the re traction pocket group and in 12 of 16 ears (75.0%) in the nonsurgical group , aeration was present only in 9 of 43 ears (26.5%) in the surgical group, being significantly less in the surgical group than in the nonsurgical grou p and the retraction pocket group. In all ears in the retraction pocket and nonsurgical groups, and 19 of 30 ears in the surgical group, ET function w as poor, there being no significant difference among the three groups. The present clinical observations suggest that progressiveness of cholesteatoma could be related to the ventilatory conditions in the mastoid rather than ET function, and that conservative treatment may be effective when ears wit h cholesteatoma have aeration in the mastoid. Copyright (C) 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.