Effect of cilostazol on lipid, uric acid and glucose metabolism in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus - A double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Citation
T. Toyota et al., Effect of cilostazol on lipid, uric acid and glucose metabolism in patients with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus - A double-blind, placebo-controlled study, CLIN DRUG I, 21(5), 2001, pp. 325-335
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology,"Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
CLINICAL DRUG INVESTIGATION
ISSN journal
1173-2563 → ACNP
Volume
21
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
325 - 335
Database
ISI
SICI code
1173-2563(2001)21:5<325:EOCOLU>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of cilostazol on the metabolic profiles of serum lipids, uric acid and glycaemic control. Patients: This was a comparative study in a total of 112 patients with impa ired glucose tolerance (IGT) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) associated wi th hypertriglyceridaemia (fasting serum triglycerides greater than or equal to 150 mg/dl) untreated with insulin, 81 of whom were evaluated for drug e fficacy. Design: Patients enrolled were randomised to receive either cilostazol (gro up C) 200 mg/day or placebo (group P) [two tablets twice a day after breakf ast and dinner] for 12 weeks according to a double-blind method. The study consisted of a 4-week run-in period (week-4 to week 0) followed by a 12-wee k administration period. Lipid parameters, uric acid and glycaemic control were measured at baseline (weeks -4, 0) and 4, 8 and 12 weeks after treatme nt. For each primary study variable, final assessment was based on the chan ge observed after 12 weeks of administration relative to the baseline value obtained at week 0. Results: In group C, triglycerides (TG) decreased significantly (p < 0.05) from 238 +/- 85 to 193 +/- 105 mg/dl, but increased in group P There was a significant (p < 0.05) difference between the two groups. High density lipo protein cholesterol (HDL-C) increased significantly (p <less than> 0.05) fr om 39 +/- 10 to 41 +/- 11 mg/dl in group P. HDL-C in group C also increased but not significantly. When the results of one patient, whose HDL-C was ov er 100 mg/dl, were excluded, HDL-C in group C changed similarly to that in the subgroup (HDL-C level at baseline < 50 mg/dl), which increased signific antly (p < 0.001) from 38 +/- 7 to 44 +/- IO mg/dl and the difference betwe en groups P and C was also significant (p < 0.01). In group C, apolipoprote in B (apo B) decreased significantly (p < 0.01) from 155 <plus/minus> 24 to 140 +/- 28 mg/dl and apolipoprotein E (apo E) decreased significantly (p < 0.01) from 7.8 +/- 1.9 to 6.7 +/- 2.0 mg/dl. Uric acid also decreased sign ificantly (p < 0.01) from 5.8 +/- 1.5 to 5.3 +/- 1.4 mg/dl in group C, but did not decrease significantly in group P, indicating a significant (p < 0. 05) difference between the two groups. Glycaemic control (fasting plasma gl ucose level and HbA(1c) level) was not affected by either treatment. Abnorm al laboratory findings were seen in 25.5% ( 14/55) of the patients in group P and in 14.3% (8/56) of those in group C, showing no significant differen ce between the two groups. Drug-related adverse events were observed in 7.3 % (4/55) of the patients in group P and in 35.7% (20/56) of those in group C, indicating a significant (p < 0.001) difference between the two groups. Headache was the most frequent complaint (15 patients in group C). No incre ased bleeding tendencies or frank haemorrhage were noted in any patient. Conclusions: In IGT or type 2 DM patients with hypertriglyceridaemia, cilos tazol 200mg effectively lowers TG and uric acid levels, and shows a potenti ally important effect in increasing HDL-C levels without significantly affe cting glycaemic control. These results indicate that the clinical effect of cilostazol on lipid and uric acid metabolism is a beneficial effect that p rotects against atherosclerotic disease.