Prevalence of mental retardation and developmental disabilities: Estimatesfrom the 1994/1995 National Health Unterview Survey Disability Supplements

Citation
Sa. Larson et al., Prevalence of mental retardation and developmental disabilities: Estimatesfrom the 1994/1995 National Health Unterview Survey Disability Supplements, AM J MENT R, 106(3), 2001, pp. 231-252
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Rehabilitation
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL ON MENTAL RETARDATION
ISSN journal
0895-8017 → ACNP
Volume
106
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
231 - 252
Database
ISI
SICI code
0895-8017(200105)106:3<231:POMRAD>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
In 1994 and 1995, the National Health Interview Survey included a Disabilit y Supplement (NHIS-D) to collect extensive information about disabilities a mong individuals sampled as part of annual census-based household interview surveys. Here we describe the development and application of operational d efinitions of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to items in the NHIS-D to estimate prevalence. In our analyses, we estimate the preval ence of mental retardation in the noninstitutionalized population of the Un ited States to be 7.8 people per thousand (.78%), of developmental disabili ties, 11.3 people per thousand (1.13%); and the combined prevalence of ment al retardation and/or developmental disabilities to be 14.9 per thousand (1 .49%). Differences in prevalence estimates for mental retardation and devel opmental disabilities and among people of various ages are explored.