Genetic, physiological and molecular interactions of rice and its major dipteran pest, gall midge

Citation
N. Sardesai et al., Genetic, physiological and molecular interactions of rice and its major dipteran pest, gall midge, PL CELL TIS, 64(2-3), 2001, pp. 115-131
Citations number
134
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences
Journal title
PLANT CELL TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE
ISSN journal
0167-6857 → ACNP
Volume
64
Issue
2-3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
115 - 131
Database
ISI
SICI code
0167-6857(2001)64:2-3<115:GPAMIO>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
The gall midge, Orseolia oryzae, is a major dipteran pest of rice affecting most rice growing regions in Asia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Chemical and other cultural methods for control of this pest are neither very effective nor environmentally safe. The gall midge problem is further compounded by the fact that there are many biotypes of this insect and new biotypes are c ontinuously evolving. However, resistance to this pest is found in the rice germ plasm. Resistance is generally governed by single dominant genes and a number of non-allelic resistance genes that confer resistance to differen t biotypes have been identified. Genetic studies have revealed that there i s a gene-for-gene interaction between the different biotypes of gall midge and the various resistance genes found in rice. This review discusses diffe rent aspects of the process of infestation by the rice gall midge and its i nteraction with its host. Identification of the gall midge biotypes by conv entional methods is a long and tedious process. The review discusses the PC R-based molecular markers that have been developed recently to speed up the identification process. Similarly, molecular markers have been developed f or two gall midge resistance genes in rice - Gm2 and Gm4t - and these marke rs are now being used for marker-assisted selection. The mapping, tagging a nd map-based gene cloning of one of these genes - Gm2 - has also been discu ssed.