Off-zone-center or indirect band-gap-like hole transport in heterostructures - art. no. 195310

Citation
G. Klimeck et al., Off-zone-center or indirect band-gap-like hole transport in heterostructures - art. no. 195310, PHYS REV B, 6319(19), 2001, pp. 5310
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
PHYSICAL REVIEW B
ISSN journal
0163-1829 → ACNP
Volume
6319
Issue
19
Year of publication
2001
Database
ISI
SICI code
0163-1829(20010515)6319:19<5310:OOIBHT>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Unintuitive hole transport phenomena through heterostructures are presented . It is shown that for large bias ranges the majority of carriers travel ou tside the Gamma zone center (i.e., more carriers travel through the structu re at an angle than straight through). Strong interaction of heavy-, light- , and split-off hole bands due to heterostructure interfaces present in dev ices such as resonant tunneling diodes, quantum-well photodetectors, and la sers are shown to be the cause. The result is obtained by careful numerical analysis of the hole transport as a function of the transverse momentum k in a resonant tunneling diode within the framework of a sp3s* second-neares t-neighbor tight-binding model. Three independent mechanisms that generate off-zone-center current flow are explained: (1) nonmonotonic (electronlike) hole dispersion, (2) lighter quantum well than emitter effective masses, a nd (3) strongly momentum-dependent quantum-well coupling strength due to st ate anticrossings. Finally a simulation is compared to experimental data to exemplify the importance of a full numerical transverse momentum integrati on versus a Tsu-Esaki approximation.