Interactive effects of photoperiods and plant growth regulators on the development of flowering spikes and tubers in Chinese yams (Dioscorea opposita) cv. Ichoimo

Citation
Y. Yoshida et al., Interactive effects of photoperiods and plant growth regulators on the development of flowering spikes and tubers in Chinese yams (Dioscorea opposita) cv. Ichoimo, J JPN S HOR, 70(3), 2001, pp. 304-309
Citations number
15
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0013-7626 → ACNP
Volume
70
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
304 - 309
Database
ISI
SICI code
0013-7626(200105)70:3<304:IEOPAP>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
The interaction between photoperiods and plant growth regulators [gibberell in A(3) 100ppm (GA), uniconazole P 25ppm(Uni), n- propyl dihydro-jasmonate 50ppm (PDJ), and salicylic acid 1000ppm (SA)] on the development of the mai n shoots, spikes, and aerial and new tubers in Chinese yam (Dioscorea oppos ita Thunb. cv. Ichoimo) plants was observed. The untreated control plants y ielded the longest main shoots followed by GA, SA, PDJ, and Uni. Plant, tre ated with growth regulators, grew more under a 24-hr photoperiod than did t hose under an 8-hr photoperiod. GA treated plants, grown under the 24-hr ph otoperiod, developed spikes at a significantly lower node than that similar ly treated plants grown under an 8-hr photoperiod; whereas the first flower ing node on the control, GA, SA, Uni, and PDJ treated plants, grown under t he 24-hr photoperiod, was equally higher than comparable plants, grown unde r the 8-hr photoperiod. More spikes per plants were initiated under the 24- hr photoperiod than on plants grown under an 8-hr photoperiod. GA treatment severely decreased the number of spikes under the 8-hr photoperiod. Aerial and new tubers developed earlier on plants under the short day than did th ose under constant light, but the new tubers on the latter treatment weight ed more than did those on the former. The formation of aerial tubers was se verely inhibited by GA but promoted by Uni under both photoperiods, while t he growth of now tubers was significantly promoted by GA. and significantly inhibited by Uni. PDJ and SA had no effect on the growth of aerial and new tubers.