Aroma simulation on the basis of the odourant composition of roasted coffee headspace

Citation
F. Mayer et W. Grosch, Aroma simulation on the basis of the odourant composition of roasted coffee headspace, FLAV FRAG J, 16(3), 2001, pp. 180-190
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Food Science/Nutrition
Journal title
FLAVOUR AND FRAGRANCE JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0882-5734 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
180 - 190
Database
ISI
SICI code
0882-5734(200105/06)16:3<180:ASOTBO>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
The concentrations of 22 potent odorants, including acetaldehyde, methylpro panal, 2- and 3-methylbutanal. 2,3-butanedione, 2,3-pentanedione, 2-furfury lthiol, 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine and 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine, were quantified in the headspace of roasted coffee powder. A model mixture cont aining these odorants was prepared on the basis of the results found in the headspace. When evaporated, the similarity of the aroma of this model mixt ure to that of the roasted coffee sample was scored 2.6 on a scale of 0 (no similarity) to 3.0 (identical). Also. after reduction of the model to the nine odorants mentioned above, the aroma was still scored 2.1. By determini ng headspace-concentrations of both freshly ground coffee and powdered coff ee 15 min after grinding, and by preparing the corresponding aroma models, changes in the odour profile of a real coffee sample depending on the time passed after grinding could be reproduced. Results show this procedure to b e suitable for establishing a composition of odorants causing the overall a roma of a food. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.