Nutritional constraints on Sphagnum-growth and potential decay in northernpeatlands

Citation
R. Aerts et al., Nutritional constraints on Sphagnum-growth and potential decay in northernpeatlands, J ECOLOGY, 89(2), 2001, pp. 292-299
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-0477 → ACNP
Volume
89
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
292 - 299
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-0477(200104)89:2<292:NCOSAP>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
1 In a 4-year fertilization experiment we studied the effects of increased nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) supply on productivity and potential decay i n the acrotelm of Sphagnum-dominated Swedish peatlands at northern (low atm ospheric N input: low-N site) and southern (high atmospheric N input: high- N site) sites. 2 During the experimental period, there was a severe summer drought at the high-N site which led to strong limitations on Sphagnum growth, especially in the fertilized treatments. There were no significant effects of the nutr ient treatments on cumulative length growth and productivity at either site . There were, however, significant effects of site and nutrient treatment o n nutritional variables of the Sphagnum species. 3 Nitrogen concentration in living capitula was lower, but P concentration was higher at the low-N site than at the high-N site. However, at both site s N and P concentration in the living capitula showed only minor responses to the nutrient additions. 4 Litter chemistry variables differed significantly among sites and treatme nts. Sphagnum litter had lower N concentration, higher P concentration, a h igher C : N ratio, a lower C : P ratio and a lower N : P ratio at the low-N site. Litter chemistry was significantly affected by the nutrient treatmen ts only at the high-N site, where litter P concentrations increased signifi cantly in the P-fertilized treatment, whereas C : P and N : P ratios showed a significant reduction. 5 Although potential rates of decay of Sphagnum litter were higher at the h igh-N site than at the low-N site, they were not significantly affected by nutrient additions. Potential decay rates did, however, show significant re lations with all the litter chemistry variables we had determined. 6 An increase in nitrogen input to Sphagnum-dominated bogs appears to lead to higher N concentrations in litter and, as a result of dilution, to lower P concentrations. This change in litter chemistry leads to a higher potent ial decay rate of the litter and this may seriously affect the carbon balan ce in the acrotelm of these systems. 7 Our results also show that carbon balance characteristics of Sphagnum bog s can be strongly affected by unpredictable extreme climatic conditions. Th is suggests that the occurrence and consequences of these events need more attention when long-term responses of ecosystems to global change are studi ed.