Emotional distress of infertile women in Japan

Citation
H. Matsubayashi et al., Emotional distress of infertile women in Japan, HUM REPR, 16(5), 2001, pp. 966-969
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Reproductive Medicine","da verificare
Journal title
HUMAN REPRODUCTION
ISSN journal
0268-1161 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
966 - 969
Database
ISI
SICI code
0268-1161(200105)16:5<966:EDOIWI>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
Although recent papers have suggested that psychological factors are implic ated in the experience of infertility, few studies have assessed this relat ionship in a sample of Japanese infertile women, This study,vas carried out in order to clarify whether Japanese infertile women experience emotional distress. A cross-sectional questionnaire study was performed to assess the psychological states of 101 infertile women compared to 81 healthy pregnan t women. The hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and the profile o f mood states (POMS) were administered, These questionnaires produced score s for depression/dejection, anxiety, aggression/hostility, lack of vigour, fatigue, tension anxiety, and confusion. The HADS and the POMS scores of in fertile women were significantly higher than those of pregnant women, excep t for fatigue score. Infertile women with positive HADS indicating emotiona l disorders (39/101, 38.6%) were significantly (P = 0.0008, chi (2) test) m ore than those of pregnant women (13/81, 16.0%) when the threshold was set at 12/13 of total HADS scores. The HADS scores were not affected by the wom en's age, duration of infertility, experience of conception, routine tests, and work states, In this Japanese population, infertile women reported hig her levels of emotional distress than pregnant women, suggesting psychologi cal support is needed for infertile women.