Gender-related distribution of personality disorders in a sample of patients with panic disorder

Citation
G. Barzega et al., Gender-related distribution of personality disorders in a sample of patients with panic disorder, EUR PSYCHIA, 16(3), 2001, pp. 173-179
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psychiatry,"Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry
Journal title
EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
ISSN journal
0924-9338 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
173 - 179
Database
ISI
SICI code
0924-9338(200104)16:3<173:GDOPDI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Objective. We examined gender differences in the frequency of DSM-IV person ality disorder diagnoses in a sample of patients with a diagnosis of panic disorder (PD). Method. One hundred and eighty-four outpatients with a princ ipal diagnosis of PD (DSM-IV) were enrolled. All patients were evaluated wi th a semi-structured interview to collect demographic and clinical data and to generate Axis I and Axis II diagnoses in accordance with DSM-IV criteri a. Results. Males were significantly more likely than females to meet diagn oses for schizoid and borderline personality disorder. Compared to males, f emales predominated in histrionic and cluster C diagnoses, particularly dep endent personality disorder diagnoses. A significant interaction was found between female sex and agoraphobia on personality disorder (PD) distributio n. Conclusions. Male PD patients seem to be characterized by more severe pe rsonality disorders, while female PD patients, particularly with co-morbid agoraphobia, have higher co-morbidity rates with personality disorders belo nging to the 'anxious-fearful cluster'. (C) 2001 Editions scientifiques et medicates Elsevier SAS.