DNA oxidative damage in leukocytes correlates with the severity of HCV-related liver disease: validation in an open population study

Citation
R. Cardin et al., DNA oxidative damage in leukocytes correlates with the severity of HCV-related liver disease: validation in an open population study, J HEPATOL, 34(4), 2001, pp. 587-592
Citations number
41
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenerology and Hepatology","da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY
ISSN journal
0168-8278 → ACNP
Volume
34
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
587 - 592
Database
ISI
SICI code
0168-8278(200104)34:4<587:DODILC>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
Background/Aims: Oxidative DNA damage, identifiable in the formation of 8-h ydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), is relevant in the mutagenesis/carcinogenesi s process. The aim of this study was to assess 8-OHdG levels in patients wi th hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in relation to extent of liver damage and HCV genotype. Methods: 8-OHdG levels were measured in DNA from circulating leukocytes of 110 anti-HCV positive subjects belonging to the population of the Dionysos study, subgrouped in: 50 anti-HCV+ with persistently normal ALT, 48 with ch ronic hepatitis and 12 with cirrhosis, Twenty normal subjects served as Con trols. 8-OHdG levels were assayed by HPLC/electrochemical detector. Results: 8-OHdG levels rose (P < 0.00001) from Controls to HCV C; chronic h epatitis and cirrhosis were associated with a further increase (P < 0.02 ve rsus HCV+). Genotype 1 was associated with higher levels of 8-OHdG (P < 0.0 4). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, after correction for potential confoundings, 8-OHdG levels correlated (P < 0.02) with presence and extent of liver damage. Conclusions: An accumulation of 8-OHdG in circulating leukocytes is a relia ble marker of the extent of liver damage in HCV + patients and is present i n particular in genotype 1 infection. This genomic damage may contribute to liver carcinogenesis by causing persistent DNA changes. (C) 2001 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.