T. Miyashita et al., Relation between exercise capacity and left ventricular systolic versus diastolic function during exercise in patients after myocardial infarction, CORON ART D, 12(3), 2001, pp. 217-225
Background It is known that left ventricular systolic function at rest does
not correlate well with exercise capacity of patients with heart failure.
However, the contribution of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, especi
ally during exercise, to exercise capacity of cardiac patients remains to b
Objective To determine the impact of left ventricular systolic and diastoli
c function during exercise on exercise capacity of patients with left ventr
icular dysfunction after myocardial infarction.
Methods A symptom-limited exercise test was performed with measurements for
hemodynamics and uptake of oxygen (V-O2) of 26 men who had previously suff
ered myocardial infarction. These patients were divided into two groups acc
ording to their peak V-O2 (group 1 with peak V-O2 greater than or equal to
16 ml/kg per min, n =13; and group 2 with peak V-O2 <16 ml/kg per min, n =
13). Pulmonary arterial pressure, left ventricular and systemic arterial pr
essure, and cardiac output were measured at rest and during exercise.
Results At rest, there was no difference between the two groups in terms of
hemodynamic parameters except for minimal dP/dt, minimal left ventricular
pressure (LVP) and time constant for decay of left ventricular pressure (<t
au>). During peak exercise, cardiac output, left ventricular end-diastolic
pressure (EDP), minimal dP/dt, minimal LVP, and tau for the two groups were
significantly different. Furthermore, peak V-O2 was significantly correlat
ed with tau, minimal LVP, minimal dP/dt, EDP, and maximal dP/dt during peak
exercise for the whole group of patients,
Conclusion Left ventricular diastolic function during exercise, i.e. diasto
lic reserve, may be an important determinant of exercise capacity of patien
ts with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. Coron Art
ery Dis 12:217-225 (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.