Relation between exercise capacity and left ventricular systolic versus diastolic function during exercise in patients after myocardial infarction

Citation
T. Miyashita et al., Relation between exercise capacity and left ventricular systolic versus diastolic function during exercise in patients after myocardial infarction, CORON ART D, 12(3), 2001, pp. 217-225
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems
Journal title
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
ISSN journal
0954-6928 → ACNP
Volume
12
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
217 - 225
Database
ISI
SICI code
0954-6928(200105)12:3<217:RBECAL>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Background It is known that left ventricular systolic function at rest does not correlate well with exercise capacity of patients with heart failure. However, the contribution of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, especi ally during exercise, to exercise capacity of cardiac patients remains to b e determined. Objective To determine the impact of left ventricular systolic and diastoli c function during exercise on exercise capacity of patients with left ventr icular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. Methods A symptom-limited exercise test was performed with measurements for hemodynamics and uptake of oxygen (V-O2) of 26 men who had previously suff ered myocardial infarction. These patients were divided into two groups acc ording to their peak V-O2 (group 1 with peak V-O2 greater than or equal to 16 ml/kg per min, n =13; and group 2 with peak V-O2 <16 ml/kg per min, n = 13). Pulmonary arterial pressure, left ventricular and systemic arterial pr essure, and cardiac output were measured at rest and during exercise. Results At rest, there was no difference between the two groups in terms of hemodynamic parameters except for minimal dP/dt, minimal left ventricular pressure (LVP) and time constant for decay of left ventricular pressure (<t au>). During peak exercise, cardiac output, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (EDP), minimal dP/dt, minimal LVP, and tau for the two groups were significantly different. Furthermore, peak V-O2 was significantly correlat ed with tau, minimal LVP, minimal dP/dt, EDP, and maximal dP/dt during peak exercise for the whole group of patients, Conclusion Left ventricular diastolic function during exercise, i.e. diasto lic reserve, may be an important determinant of exercise capacity of patien ts with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. Coron Art ery Dis 12:217-225 (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.