Implications from and for food cultures for cardiovascular disease: longevity

Citation
M. Suzuki et al., Implications from and for food cultures for cardiovascular disease: longevity, ASIA P J CL, 10(2), 2001, pp. 165-171
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrynology, Metabolism & Nutrition
Journal title
ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
ISSN journal
0964-7058 → ACNP
Volume
10
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
165 - 171
Database
ISI
SICI code
0964-7058(2001)10:2<165:IFAFFC>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
A healthy cardiovascular system, with minimal arteriosclerosis, good endoth elial function and well-compensated ventricular function has been observed at advanced ages, and linked to a healthy lifestyle. This has consisted of a plant-based diet, low in salt and fat, with monounsaturates as the princi pal fat. Other healthy lifestyle factors include regular physical activity (farming and traditional dance) and minimal tobacco use. The associated neg ative risk factors are low homocysteine, healthy cholesterol profile (Total :HDL ratio less than 3.5 and reasonable blood pressures throughout the life cycle. Hormone-dependent cancers including breast. ovary, prostate and col on and osteoporotic complications, such as hip fracture rates, are also les s frequent compared to the west. Protective factors may include high anti-o xidant consumption, mainly flavonoids and carotenoids, through a high veget able (e.g., onions) and soy intake. Related biological observations include low lipid peroxide, high superoxide dismutase activity and high serum hydr oxyproline, a marker of bone formation. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and i ts hormonal byproducts testosterone and oestrogen appear to be high in Okin awan serum compared with age-matched Americans. possibly reflecting a slowe r ag-associated decline in the sex hormone asis in Okinawans. This may be l inked to better cardiovascular and overall health. Further study is needed to delineate the reasons behind the impressive cardiovascular and overall h ealth of the Okinawans.