A new method of joining metal sheets using a short pipe rivet is proposed.
A pipe rivet is set between two sheets and compressive force is applied, th
en both ends of the pipe are impressed into the sheets, respectively. and j
oining is made. Here, tile inner, corners of both ends of the pipe rivet ar
e cut off conically; so that the diameter elf ends may be enlarged during i
mpression and a tie,ht joining is obtained. Consequently it was found that
joining strength against in-plane and out-of-plane forces is quite high. Fu
rthermore, a modified method by using a wavy ribbon rivet is proposed and i
t was found that this method call be applied to the joining of a long joini
ng line successfully. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.