Optical observation of the instability in microsecond gas-puff z-pinch plasmas

Citation
S. Katsuki et al., Optical observation of the instability in microsecond gas-puff z-pinch plasmas, JPN J A P 1, 40(2B), 2001, pp. 999-1003
Citations number
15
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Volume
40
Issue
2B
Year of publication
2001
Pages
999 - 1003
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-4922(200102)40:2B<999:OOOTII>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
The occurrence of fluid instabilities in gas-puff z-pinch plasmas have been investigated using laser diagnostic systems. An interferometer system was employed to investigate the temporal evolution of the structure in the plas ma column during the pinch. The z-pinch plasma was driven by a fast bank, w hich provided a current of 160 kA for 1.5 mus quarter period of oscillation Initially the plasma was formed in a conical shape due to the initial gas distribution. The plasma layer moved toward the z-axis and its shape gradua lly changed into columnar. The plasma layer splits into two layers on the w ay to implosion. The inner layer, which was indicated to be shock front, pr opagated toward the z-axis faster than the outer layer. The outer layer see med quite smooth while the implosion by the inner layer took place at the z -axis. After the blast from the implosion expanded and came across the oute r layer, the disturbance occurred at the outer layer. It is concluded that the plasma instability is significantly influenced by the shockwave rather than the initial gas formation in the case of a microsecond implosion.